Research

For over 20 years, Eclectica has carried out research on lifestyles and high-risk behaviors at the local and international level.

Depending on our research objectives, we employ a variety of methods, including in-depth interviews, in-person and online focus groups, participant observation, online and offline surveys, photovoice, analysis of forums and other web content, regulatory analysis, advertising and communication studies, and secondary data analysis.

Action research is a frequently used approach, as it enables our researchers to work side by side with the people who are directly involved in planning and developing social policies and measures.

One of our prime areas of interest is behavior that can lead to addiction, such as alcohol and drug consumption or gambling. In this area, Eclectica has a prominent role both in Italy and internationally, thanks in no small measure to our participation in such consolidated European networks as the Kettil Bruun Society, the EMDASS (European Master in Drugs and Alcohol Studies) program, and CEAG, the University of Helsinki Centre for Research on Addiction, Control and Governance.

Focus areas:

  • Alcohol: drinking styles and cultures, marketing, policies, prevention, treatment, alcohol-related problems
  • Drugs: consumption, market, prevention, control policies, online forums, the dark net, penal system
  • Gambling: gambling careers, regulations, economy
  • Eating disorders: young people’s representations
  • Hikikomori: prevalence and representations
  • Road safety: driver behavior, preventive measures
  • Health policies: prevention and health promotion, behaviors and lifestyles, participatory planning
  • Social health promotion campaigns and initiatives: approval ratings and effectiveness.

Our research project

AGGIO I’ A JUCÀ MA NUN TENGO ‘E SORDE

A research on gambling seen by Neapolitans.

The research, carried out for the ASL Napoli 1 and the GESCO Consortium, has the main objective to provide useful elements to those involved in the prevention and treatment of pathological gambling for the development of local intervention strategies that better respond to need of the recipients through a qualitative study. 40 individual in-dephts interviews were carried out among gamblers and a focus group with local stakeholders.

2016-17


Punta su di te

Committente: Consorzio CIS

La ricerca, realizzata per il Consorzio CIS nell’ambito di un progetto finanziato dalla Fondazione CRC, ha l’obiettivo di valutare il gradimento e l’impatto delle attività di prevenzione e intervento realizzate nell’ambito del  progetto “Punta su di te” sulla prevenzione del gioco d’azzardo attraverso l’elaborazione di questionari somministrati a cittadini e operatori e la realizzazione di due focus group.

2017


Preventing fatal opiod overdoses

A research in the Italian Naloxone distribution model

The research traces and reconstructs the history and analyzes the Italian operating model of prevention of opioid overdose through the distribution of naloxone, integrating a double perspective, that of the operators of harm reduction/low threshold services and SerTs and that of consumers investigated with questionnaires and focus groups. Forum Droghe – Open Society

http://www.forumdroghe.it/

2016


ALICE RAP – Addictions and Lifestyles in Contemporary Europe – Reframing Addiction Project

Multi-year interdisciplinary project that intends to deepen knowledge and raise awareness among decision-makers on the changes taking place in the addiction phenomenon and on the various aspects of the problem. Eclectica participates in the following work packages:

  • WP1. Addiction through the ages – investigation of different concepts of addiction applied to different substances and behaviors, from a historical, social and political point of view.
  • WP2. Stakeholder analysis – qualitative research on the position and role of stakeholders about the addiction policy debate.
  • WP3. Images – investigation on the images and representations of compulsive behaviors (alcohol, drugs, tobacco, eating disorders, gambling, sex) and on how these change over time and according to the cultural and political context.
  • WP11. The impact of suppliers – study on producers or suppliers of additive substances, on the motivations to increase or reduce additive behaviors and strategies related to Corporate Social Responsibility.
  • WP12. Addictions’ web of influence  study on the role of the industry in the public, scientific and political debate on addiction.

FP7-HEALTH-2007 – EU

http://www.alicerap.eu/

2011-15


Sicuri sulla strada. Study on alcohol and driving

The study, through the distribution of 20.000 disposable breathalyzers in some Italian municipalities, evaluates knowledge of the rules relating to alcohol and driving and the experience of using the breathalyzers. CONTRALCO Italia

2013-2015


Alcol e tradizione

Exploratory study on the evolution of drinking styles in production and consumption areas.

The objective of the study is to identify the protective and risk factors that characterize the wine production areas and those for consumption only. For this purpose, epidemiological and qualitative data (individual interviews) relating to Piedmont and in particular to the province of Cuneo (Langhe and non-vineyard plains) were analyzed and compared.

Ricerca realizzata in collaborazione con l’Università del Piemonte Orientale, con finanziamento Fondazione CRC, Comune di Alba, Federalimentare.

http://www.carocci.it/index.php?option=com_carocci&task=schedalibro&Itemid=72&isbn=9788843078547

2013-2015


La prevenzione e promozione della salute in provincia di Cuneo: quali priorità?

The research aims to analyze the state of the art in terms of health prevention and promotion in the province of Cuneo. Eclectica oversaw the field research, surveying with ad hoc questionnaires the initiatives launched by municipalities and territorial management bodies that have an impact on citizens’ health. To integrate the data, it also organized two focus groups with representatives of the local health authorities, managing bodies, municipalities, schools and ARPA to explore strengths and critical points in terms of prevention from the point of view of the various actors.

Centro Studi della Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Cuneo

http://www.fondazionecrc.it/index.php/analisi-e-ricerche/quaderni/112-quaderno-26

2014-2015


CALIBRATE

European study on alcohol consumption among university students.

CALIBRATE project aims to compare alcohol consumption among university students in six different European countries: Denmark, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham (UK)

2014-2015


Gambling policy in European welfare regimes

The study involves five countries (Finland, Sweden, Norway, France and Italy) and intends to explore the main changes that have occurred in gaming regulation systems since the 1980s in order to analyze how these have been justified by the main stakeholders and to evaluate the pros and the cons of mechanisms through which a portion of gambling revenues is used by the state or non-profit organizations. Università di Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences

2014-2015


“Binge drinking”: meanings and practices of consumption among young Italians.

The qualitative research carried out in three cities (Turin, Rome and Salerno) and on the web gave voice to a sample of 134 adolescents (15-17 years) and young people (22-24 years) who practice binge drinking to understand if they represent a homogeneous category in terms of quantity, methods and reasons for drinking. The aim of the research is to initiate a reflection on the meanings and use of the concept of binge drinking (literally alcoholic binge) in Italy, also in order to explain the reasons for the variability of the data collected from the various surveys on young people and alcohol and the difference found between declarations on episodes of drunkenness (among the lowest in Europe) and those relating to binge drinking (slightly lower than the European average).

 Osservatorio Permanente sui Giovani e l’Alcool, Roma

2013


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